The members of the civil services are recruited by public service commission. The Constitution has provided for a Union Public Service Commission at the Centre and Public Service Commission in various States. It has also authorized two or more States to have a common Public Service Commission. Such Joint Public Service Commissions can be constituted by Parliament through a law if the legislatures of the States pass a resolution to the effect.
The UPSC may with the approval of the President, agree to serve the needs of a State if so requested by the Governor of the State. The Composition ofthe Commission and the conditions of service of the members are determined by the President in the case of the UPSC or a Joint Commission and by the Governor of the State in case of a State Commission. The conditions of service of a member of a Commission is not to be altered to his disadvantage after his appointment.
The appointment of the Chairman and members ofthe Commission shall be made in the case of the UPSC or a Joint Commission by the Governor of the State. Half of the members of a Commission must be persons who have held office under the Government of India or of a State for atleast 10 years. The terms of service of a member of a Commission is 6 years from the date of his entering upon office or until he attains the age of 65 years in the case of UPSC or 62 years in the case of a State or Joint Commission.
But a member’s office may be terminated earlier by resignation in writing addressed to the President in the case of the Union or the Governor in the case of a State Commission and by removal by the President.