Chapter II of Part VI of the Indian Constitution is concerned with the Governor. The Governor is the Constitutional head of the State. The executive power of the State is vested in him and is exercised by him either directly or through officers subordinate to him. The same person can act as Governor of more than one State.
The Governor of a State is not elected but appointed by the President. The President seeks the opinion of the Chief Minister of the concerned State while appointing the Governor. It was decided to have an appointed Governor as election expenses would behigh and unjustified for a mere constitutional head and it would be detrimental to the Country’s progress to have election on vast scale run on personal issues. A directly elector Governor might consider himself to be superior to the Chief Minister and this might create controversy and might create separatist tendencies. Through a nominated Governor, the Union Government would be able to maintain its control over the States.
The Governor holdsoffice during the pleasure of the President. While the norm term of a Governor’s office is five years, it may terminated earlier by dismissal by the President and resignation addressed to the President. The grounds on which a Governor may be removed are not laid down in the Constitution. However, it is understood that these must involve gross delinquency such as bribery, corruption, treason or violation of the Constitution. There is no bar to a person being appointed Governor more than once.
The Governor and every person discharging the functions of the Governor is to take an oath or affirmation before the Chief Justice of the High Court of that State, or in his absence, the senior most judge of that Court available. The President has the power to make such provision as he thinks fit for the discharge of the functions of the Governor in any contingency not provided for in the Constitution.