Part IV of the Indian Constitution contains the Directive Principles of State Policy. Directives are in the nature of directions to the legislative and executive wings of Government to be observed while formulating laws and policy. Most of them aim at the establishment of economic and social democracy which is pledged for in the Preamble.
Article 36 and 37 of the Constitution define the term `State’ and lay down that the provisions in Part IV shall not be enforceable by courts, however the principles are fundamental in the governance of the country. Article 38 directs the State to promote the welfareof the people and to secure a just social order. By the 44th Amendment in particular it is to minimize inequalities in income and try to eliminate inequalities of status, facilities and opportunities. Article 39 requires the State to direct its policy towards securing adequate means of livelihood for all citizens, distribution of ownership and control of material resources of the community to subserve common good. An economic system which does not lead to concentration of wealth, equal pay for equal work for both men and women. Health and strength of workers, opportunities and facilities for children to develop in a healthy manner and be protected from exploitation.
Article 39 A, requires the State to ensure equal justice and free legal aid to the poor. Article 40 requires the State to take steps to organize village panchayats and to endow them with such powers as may be necessary to enable them to function as units of self-government. Article 41 directs the State to make effective provision for securing the right to work, right to education, right to public assistance in case of unemployment, old age , sickness and disability. Article 42 asks for provision for just and humane conditions of work, and for maternity relief. Article 43 directs the state to secure to all workers in particular promote cottage industries etc.