The Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir was adopted on November 17, 1957, and given effect to from January 26.1957. The Constitution declares the State of Jammu and Kashmir to be an integral part of the Union of India. The territory of the State comprises all the territories under the ruler of that State as it was on August 15,1947. Amendment cannot be made to alter this provision. As in other States, the executive power of the State is vested in the Governor to be exercised by him with the advice of the Council ofMinisters. The Council of Ministers, headed by the Chief Minister, is collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The Legislature is bicameral. The Legislative Assembly consists of 100 members elected directly from territorial constituencies of the State and two women members nominated by the Governor. Twenty-four seats are to remain vacant till filled by representatives of people
in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. The Legislative Council consists of 36 members, 11 of whom are elected by the Assembly from among the people of Kashmir and 11 elected by the Assembly from people of Jammu. Eight members are nominated by the Governor who is also part of the Legislature. The High Court of the State consists of a Chief Justice and two or more other judges. Every judge is to be appointed by the President after consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the Governor. The official language of the State is Urdu, but English will continue to be used for official purposes unless the state legislature provides otherwise. There is a Public Service Commission for the State whose members and Chairman are to be appointed by the Governor. The State Constitution may be amended by introducing a bill in the Assembly and getting it passed in each House by a two-thirds majority. But no amendment can be made to change any provision regarding the relationship of the State with the Union of India.